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What is the difference between steel and stainless steel?

What is the difference between steel and stainless steel?

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  • Time of issue:2019-08-24
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(Summary description)For the difference between ordinary steel and stainless steel. Ordinary steel is carbon steel, that is, iron-carbon alloy. According to the level of carbon content, it is divided into low carbon steel (wrought iron), medium carbon steel and cast iron. Generally, those with a carbon content of less than 0.2% are called low-carbon steel, commonly known as wrought iron or pure iron; those with a content of 0.2-1.7% are called steel; those with a content of more than 1.7% are called pig iron.    The steel containing more than 12.5% of chromium in the steel and having high resistance to corrosion by external media (acid, alkali salt) is called stainless steel. According to the structure of the steel, stainless steel can be divided into martensite, ferrite, austenite, ferrite-austenite, precipitation hardening type

What is the difference between steel and stainless steel?

(Summary description)For the difference between ordinary steel and stainless steel. Ordinary steel is carbon steel, that is, iron-carbon alloy. According to the level of carbon content, it is divided into low carbon steel (wrought iron), medium carbon steel and cast iron. Generally, those with a carbon content of less than 0.2% are called low-carbon steel, commonly known as wrought iron or pure iron; those with a content of 0.2-1.7% are called steel; those with a content of more than 1.7% are called pig iron.    The steel containing more than 12.5% of chromium in the steel and having high resistance to corrosion by external media (acid, alkali salt) is called stainless steel. According to the structure of the steel, stainless steel can be divided into martensite, ferrite, austenite, ferrite-austenite, precipitation hardening type

  • Categories:News Center
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  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2019-08-24
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Everyone would like to know the difference between ordinary steel and stainless steel. Ordinary steel is carbon steel, that is, iron-carbon alloy. According to the level of carbon content, it is divided into low carbon steel (wrought iron), medium carbon steel and cast iron. Generally, those with a carbon content of less than 0.2% are called low-carbon steel, commonly known as wrought iron or pure iron; those with a content of 0.2-1.7% are called steel; those with a content of more than 1.7% are called pig iron.

   The steel containing more than 12.5% of chromium in the steel and having high resistance to corrosion by external media (acid, alkali salt) is called stainless steel. According to the internal structure of the steel, stainless steel can be divided into martensitic, ferritic, austenitic, ferritic-austenitic, precipitation hardening stainless steel. According to the national standard GB3280-92, there are a total of 55 regulations. .

 
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In our daily life, we have more contact with austenitic stainless steel (some people call it nickel stainless) and martensite stainless steel (some people call it "stainless iron", but it is unscientific and easy to misunderstand and should be avoided) Two categories. The typical grades of austenitic stainless steel are 0Cr18Ni9, namely "304" and 1Cr18Ni9Ti. Martensitic stainless steels include, for example, stainless steel used to make knifes and scissors, and the main grades are 2Cr13, 3Cr13, 6Cr13, 7Cr17, etc.

   Due to the difference in the composition of the two types of stainless steel, the microstructure of the metal inside is different.

Austenitic stainless steel is added with high chromium and nickel (with chromium about 18% and Ni above 4%), the internal structure of the steel presents a state called austenite, which is If it is not magnetic, it cannot be attracted by a magnet. Commonly used as decorative materials, such as stainless steel pipes, towel racks, tableware, stoves, etc.

  Martensitic stainless steel is used to make knife and scissors stainless steel. Because knives and scissors have the function of cutting objects, they must have sharpness, and to have sharpness, they must have a certain degree of hardness. This kind of stainless steel must undergo a heat treatment to make the internal structure change and increase the hardness before it can be used as a knife. However, the internal structure of this type of stainless steel is tempered martensite, which is magnetic and can be attracted by magnets. Therefore, we cannot simply use whether it is magnetic to explain whether it is stainless steel.

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